International Society of Military Sciences (ISMS) 2012 Annual Conference

Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston Ontario Canada

23-24 October 2012

"Balancing domestic and international security requirement"

The cost of the war in Afghanistan is considered to be a heavy burden on taxpayers in the countries that participated in this war. Domestic pressure, political/electoral deadline and the context of economic crisis in the world since 2008 led these countries to make tough choices. Thus, the issue of balancing national interests and international security considerations has become more urgent than ever.

The conference is built around the following nine working groups:

War Studies; Military History; Military Technology; Leadership, Command and Control; Law and Ethics; Security Defence Policy; Armed Forces and Society; Defence Management; Military Education

Description of the ISMS Working Groups

  1. War studies. Military strategy, operational art and tactics, contemporary operations, conflict, future warfare, asymmetrical warfare, psychological operations, peace support ops, COIN, military support for civil authority, doctrine development, military theory and practice, lessons learned and identified, terrorism and counter-terrorism, organized crime, intelligence, military policing, international police operations, regional approaches, privatization of security, special forces.
  2. Military history. Chronological, geographical, component (army, navy, air force), thematic, military biography.
  3. Military technology. Information systems, systems testing, impact of technology on operations, weaponry, interaction with human dimension, R&D agendas, industry connections, life cycles and defence acquisition, network centric warfare and network enabled capabilities.
  4. Leadership, Command and control and basic competence. Sense-making, trust, stress, group cohesion and resilience, case studies, cultural awareness, gender, communication skills, mediation & negotiation, self-reflection, organizational culture, diversity management, temporary units, physical and psychological characteristics, human factors analysis, cognitive abilities, recruitment and selection, education and training, post-traumatic stress, military medicine.
  5. Law and ethics. International law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law, rules of engagement, jus in Bello, jus ad bellum, jus pos bellum, status of forces agreements, pre-emptive action, moral dilemmas, values and transmission of values.
  6. Security and defence policy and strategy. International organizations, actors, factors-threats, cooperation, security regimes, alliances and coalitions, interests, risk evaluation and management, international relations, scenario development, crisis management, security complexes, influence strategy, coercion, deterrence, modelling, game theory, defence diplomacy, etc.
  7. Armed forces and society. Nation-building, institutional gaps, military sociology, armed forces as societies, armed forces in society, civil-military relations, conscription and professional armies, gender-ethnicity-identity and minorities, military families, unions and soldier associations, social experimentation and social activism with armed forces, media, public opinion, democratic control of armed forces, security sector reform, international cooperation, privatization.
  8. Defence management and economics. Resource management, change management, transformation, cost-benefit analysis, logistics, defence acquisition, strategic personnel policy, accounting, defence administration, military industrial complex, measures of effectiveness, benchmarking, outsourcing, privatization, base closures, infrastructure issues.
  9. Military Education.  Curriculum development, pedagogy, standards and evaluation, professional development, academic freedom, case studies/simulations/exercises, professional collegiality in military education.

The ISMS is an international academic organization composed of eight military universities/national defence colleges: The Royal Military College of Canada, the Norwegian Military Academy, the Finnish National Defence University, the Swedish National Defence Academy, the Netherlands Defence Academy, the Austrian National Defence Academy, the Belgian Royal Military Academy and the Baltic Defence College. The purpose of the ISMS is to foster academic research, cooperation and publication in the fields of security studies and military studies.


Panel Details

I.     Armed Forces and Society  (Chair: Dr. René Moelker)

Panel A: Groups and question of security

  1. Dr. Abdulkérim Ousman, Professor Royal Military College of Canada
    The Power of Radical Islamist Ideas and State Fragility in Sub-Saharan Africa 
  2. Yongjie Wang, Doctoral Researcher China Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    Redefining Security - Highlighting the Human Dimension and Discovering the Marginalized 
    Abstract [PDF download]       
  3. Dr. Ali Dizboni, Royal Military College and Centre for International and Defence Policy, Queen's University
    New Canadian Security Studies: a Case for Cultural Analysis 

Panel B: Security and armed forces: Case Studies

  1. Patrick F. Baud, student researcher, Department of Political Science, Victoria College, University of Toronto, Canada
    A Second Navy? Sorting Out the Canadian Coast Guard's Role in Contemporary Canadian Defence and Security Policy 
  2. Shamsul Muktadir, CEO at 21 Destiny, Toronto, Canada
    Canada's Investment in Afghanistan War: Social Perspectives 
  3. Rachel Bryson, Ph.D. student, Political Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada
    Major Change and Military Culture: Toward an Equation for Successful Military Institutional Change 
  4. Dr. Eithan Orkibi, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ariel University Center, Israel
    Extreme-Right Military Disobedience in Israel: the New "Refusniks"?

Panel C: Essentials of the war

  1. Captain H.C. Breede, Ph.D. Candidate in War Studies, Royal Military College of Canada
    The Will to War 
  2. Dr. Flemming Splidsboel Hansen, Research Director, Ph.D., Danish Defence College, Denmark
    Intelligence Communication 
  3. Dr./Lieutenant Colonel Juha Mälkki, Concept Development of Experimentation Centre, Finnish Defence Forces, Finland
    Linchpin and the Effectiveness of the Military Organisation 
  4. Dr. Asaf Lebovitz, Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Ariel University Center, Israel 
    The Securitization of the Civil Discourse
  5. Dr. René Moelker, Netherlands Defence Academy, The Netherlands,
    Virtual Support! New Media, Network Society and Military Families


II.     Defence Management and Economics (Chair: Dr. Robert Beeres)

Panel A: Art of managing

  1. Dr. Bent Erik Bakken, Norwegian Defence University College, Norwegian Defence, Command and Staff College, Resource Management Division, Norway 
    Defence Planning does Political, Management and Operational Wisdom Come
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  2. Dr. Fahim Youssofzai, Professor, Royal Military College of Canada
    Strategic Management: What? Why? When? How? Where? Who?
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  3. David Perry, Ph.D. Candidate, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada 
    Defence after the Drawdown: the Canadian military and its allies in an Austere Age
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  4. Professors Marion Bogers and Robert Beeres, Nederlandse Universitair Hoofddocent Defensie Economic, Netherlands
    Compliance in the Fight Against Terrorist Financing 
    Abstract [PDF download]

Panel B: Doing more with less in austere times

  1. Håkan Edström, Researcher, Swedish National Defence College (SNDC), Stockholm, Sweden
    Strategic interaction in international operations
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  2. Markus Gauster, Researcher, Institute for Peace Support and Conflict Management, National Defence Academy, Vienna, Austria
    Whole of Nation Approaches: A Multiplier for Civil-Military Defense Management and Peace Missions?
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  3. Dr. Michael Rostek, Executive Director, Royal Military Colleges Club of Canada 
    Capabilities Based Planning: Enabling Smart Defence?
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  4. Professors Paul C. van Fenema, Robert Beeres & Sebastiaan Rietjens, Nederlandse Defensie Academie, Netherlands 
    A Variable System Model Perspective on Smart Defense: Managing Military Capabilities
    Abstract [PDF download]


III.     Law and Ethics (Chair: Dr. Maja Eriksson)

Panel A: Aspects of military tactical ethics

  1. Deane-Peter Baker, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australian Defence Force Academy, Australia
    The Progeny of Lieutenant Backsight Forethought: A Small Window into the Evolution of U.S. Army Tactical Ethic
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  2. Dr. Matthew S. Muehlbauer, Austin Peay State University, Clarksville, TN, USA
    Covenants & Conscience: Massachusetts Bay’s Refusal to Invade New Netherland during the Anglo-Dutch War of 1652-54
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  3. Dr. Udi Lebel, Ariel University Center, Samaria and Jordan Rift R&D Center, Israel
    "When Military Panics" – Casualty Panic and the Neo-Liberal Strategic Culture: The Israeli Case
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  4. Dr. Peter Bradley, Professor, Royal Military College of Canada
    Conceptualizing and Measuring Ethical Risk in the Military
    Abstract [PDF download]     

Panel B: Some current issues under International Humanitarian Law (IHL)

  1. Dr. Stephen Coleman, Senior Lecturer in Ethics and Leadership, School of Humanities and Social Sciences & Program Director, Military Ethics at the Australian Centre for the Study of Armed Conflict and Society, University of New South Wales, Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Australia
    Reconsidering the Supreme Emergency Argument
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  2. LtCol Fredrik A. Holst, LL.M., Doctoral Candidate in International Law, Swedish National Defence College, Sweden
    Rules of Engagement
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  3. Steve Nabors, J.D., M.A., American University, Washington College of Law School of International Service, DC, USA
    A Right to Fight: The Belligerent’s Privilege
    Abstract [PDF download]      Final Paper [PDF download]


IV.     Leadership, Command & Control (Chair: Professor Aki-Mauri Huhtinen)

Panel A: Theoretical conceptualisation: identity, culture and trust

  1. Harri Pyyhtinen, Doctoral researcher, Finish Air force Academy, Finland
    Identities and meaning perspectives of people – soldiers
    Abstract [PDF download]      Presentation [PDF download]
  2. Juha Jokitalo, Doctoral researcher, Finish Air force Academy, Finland
    Understanding of the mechanisms of formation of the organisational culture of the Air Force
    Abstract [PDF download]      Presentation [PDF download]
  3. Kamila Trochows, Doctoral researcher, The Institute of State Security, National Defense Department National Defense University, Warsaw, Poland
    Operationalization of Culture in Population-centric Operations: the American Experience
    Abstract [PDF download]      Presentation [PDF download]
  4. Peder Hyllengren, Research Assistant, Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership, Karlstad, Sweden
    Swift trust in leaders in temporary military groups 
    Abstract [PDF download]

Panel B: Examples of organisational evolution

  1. Dr. Stéphanie A.H. Bélanger, Professor, Royal Military College of Canada
    Warriors or peacemakers: testimonies of Canadian Forces (CF) members in Afghanistan
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  2. Commander Tom Hanén, Department of Leadership and Military Pedagogy, Finnish National Defence University, Helsinki, Finland
    The Phenomenon of Intertwining - Explanation for Surprises and Change in Organizations?
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  3. Professor Anu Valtonen, University of Lapland, Faculty of Social Sciences, Rovaniemi, and Professor Aki-Mauri Huhtinen, Finnish National Defense University, Helsinki, Finland
    Journeying between the states of being asleep and awake – a case study of the Finnish cadets’ winter training camp
    Abstract [PDF download]


V.     Military Education (Chair: Dr. Paul Mitchell)

Panel A: A question of balancing

  1. Dr. James Corum, Professor, Baltic Defence College, Tartu, Estonia
    10 Things Senior Military Officers Need to Know About PME
  2. Dr. Howard G. Coombs, Professor, Royal Military College of Canada 
    The Importance of Professional Military Education
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  3. Dr. Grazia Scoppio, Canadian Defence Academy & Professor, Royal Military College of Canada
    Lessons from the past to inform the future of military education: the first 10 years of the Canadian Defence Academy 2002- 2012
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  4. Dr. Adam Chapnick, Professor, Canadian Forces College, Toronto, Canada
    Balancing Teaching and Research in Professional Military Education
    Abstract [PDF download]     

Panel B: How do they do it?

  1. Professor/Lieutenant Colonel Peter Thunholm and Lieutenant Colonel Ulf Hoegstroem, Swedish National Defence College, Department of War Studies, Stockholm, Sweden 
    Tactical thinking as problem solving – a paradigm for development of tactical thinking ability?
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  2. David F. Manning, Writer and archivist assistant, Kansas State Historical Society, Kansas, USA 
    Global Arms: Military Alliance Partnerships – Military (International) Education
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  3. Lieutenant Colonel (Retd) Nick Nelson,  Centre for Defence and Security Studies, Massey University, and Dr. John Moremon, Australian Defence Force Academy, University of New South Wales, New Zealand 
    Small Nation Defence and Security Education: New Zealand and Brunei Experience
    Abstract [PDF download]

Panel C: Global Security Education

  1. Louis Ósémwegie, MA, War Studies, Royal Military College of Canada
    Comparative patterns of securitization discourse and regional integration in Africa: An empirical analysis of regional security complex theory
  2. Dr. David Last, David Emelifeonwu, and Philippe Constantineau, Royal Military College of Canada
    Innovation and diffusion in Military Education. What Shapes Primary (BA) and Secondary (MA) University Education for Military Professionals Around the World? (A Preliminary Analysis
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  3. David Kepes, Munk School of Global Affairs, and Dr. David Last, Royal Military College of Canada 
    Building Security through Institutions:NATO’s Partnership Action Plan and the African Union Peace and Security Architecture
    Abstract [PDF download]      
  4. Philippe Constantineau and Dr. David Last, Royal Military College of Canada 
    Tracking Trends in Military University Education around the World
    Abstract [PDF download]


VI.   Military History (Chair: Dr. James Corum)

Panel A: Learning lessons from the past

  1. Dr. Ethan S. Rafuse, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, USA
    Longbows, Coercion-Extraction, and General Maximus: Making the History of Pre-Modern and Early Modern Europe Relevant to the Modern Officer
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  2. Radu Venter, MA Candidate, War Studies, Royal Military College of Canada
    The United States Air Force – Moving Past Doctrinal Stagnation
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  3. Dr. John Moremon, Centre for Defence and Security Studies, Massey University, New Zealand
    The Post-Afghanistan ‘Rebalancing’: Lessons From World War II and the Cold War
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  4. Dr. Eric Ouellet, Professor, Canadian Forces College & Royal Military College of Canada
    Expeditionary Irregular Warfare and Domestic Politics: The case of the Spanish COIN in Morocco 1920-1927
    Abstract [PDF download]               

Panel B: Tactical and strategic adaptation: recover of broken armies and soldiers

  1. Dr. Brian McAllister Linn, Professor, Texas A&M University, USA
    Mending the Broken Army: A Historical Perspective
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  2. Dr. Niels Bo Poulsen, Centre for Military History, Royal Danish Defense College Copenhagen, Denmark
    Waffen-SS Veterans in the Post War World
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  3. Tony Ingesson, Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Political Science, Lund University, Sweden
    Dilemmas of the Depths. A Comparative Analysis of the Strategic Impact of Tactical-Level Decisions in German and American Submarine Warfare During WWII
    Abstract [PDF download]


VII.         Military Technology (Chair: Dr. Michael Hennessy / Dr. Emanuele Sica)

Panel A: Utility of military technology

  1.  Professors Fredrik Johnsson, Swedish EOD and Demining Centre, Eksjö, Bengt Vretblad and Åke Sivertun, Swedish National Defence College, Stockholm, Sweden
    Shaped Charge Calculation Models for Explosive Ordnance Disposal Operations
    Abstract [PDF download]               Presentation [PDF download]
  2. Professors Robert Humeur and Mattias Elfström, The Swedish Air Defence (GBAD ) Regiment, Halmstad, Michael Reberg and Åke Sivertun, MVI/MTA Swedish National Defence College, Stockholm, Sweden
    Radar detection of artillery rockets
    Abstract [PDF download]               

Panel B: Serving commander's need through technology

  1. Björn Persson, Ph.D student and Lars Löfgren, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Military Studies, Swedish National Defence College, Sweden
    Evaluating utility of military technology
    Abstract [PDF download]               Presentation [PDF download]
  2. Dr. Peter Simon Sapaty, Institute of Mathematical Machines and Systems, National Academy of Sciences, Kiev, Ukraine
    Formalizing Commander’s Intent by Spatial Grasp Technology
    Abstract [PDF download]               Presentation [PDF download]
  3. Professors Åke Sivertun, SNDC Stockholm ,  Katharina Zöphel, TUD Dresden and Simon Ahlberg, Linköpings Universitet/ ForanRS AB
    Lidar and Hyperspectral data For Landscape Classification
    Abstract [PDF download]               Presentation [PDF download]

Panel C: New dynamics in China's military modernization: concepts, issues, policies

  1. Richard Bitzinger, Senior Fellow, Military Transformations Program, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore
    Locating China’s Place in Global Defense Economy
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  2. Michael Raska, Research Fellow, Military Transfor mation Program, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore
    From Emulation to Innovation? China’s Ballistic Missile Modernization
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  3. Manaswini Ramkumar, Senior Analyst, Military Studies Program, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore
    Chinese Defense Industry Reforms and Civil-Military Integration: The Role of GAD
    Abstract [PDF download]


VIII.        Security and Defence Policy and Strategy (Chair: BGen Dr Walter Feichtinger)

Panel A: Theory I: Security; theoretical background

  1. Professor Ryszard Szpyra, Polish National Defense University National Defense Department The Institute of State Security, Poland
    Military security nowadays  – a theoretical model
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  2. John Hart, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Sweden
    An Application of Heuer’s Analysis of Competing Hypotheses for Chemical Weapon Programmes: the Case of the 1998 US Destruction of the Pharmaceutical Facility at al-Shifa, Sudan
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  3. Rebecca Jensen and Katie Domansky, Doctoral Students, Centre for Military and Strategic Studies, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    A theoretical framework for Canadian interventions in the post Cold War world
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  4. Simon Frankel Pratt, Doctoral Researcher, University of Toronto, Canada
    Dirty Wars, Dirty Hands: Government-Sponsored Paramilitaries and Counterinsurgency
    Abstract [PDF download]               

Panel B: Theory II: Energy, strategy and smart defence

  1. Nathan Hawryluk, MA student, Centre for Military and Strategic Studies, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada
    Defining hydrocarbon statecraft
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  2. Lukas Milevski, Ph.D. candidate, Graduate Institute of Political and International Studies, University of Reading, UK
    The Present Inutility of Grand Strategic Thought
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  3. Brigadier General/Dr. Walter Feichtinger, National Defence Academy, Austria:
    What’s next – some thoughts on the future of international crisis management
    Abstract [PDF download]               

Panel C: Managing intelligence and regions in global strategy

  1. Joe Faragone, Doctoral Student, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
    Performance Management for Intelligence: Attainable or Simply a Mirage?
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  2. Dr. Stanislawa Bukowicka, MoD, Warsaw, Poland
    Regional points of view in the context of global security
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  3. Lieutenant Colonel (Retd) Nick Nelson, Centre for Defence and Security Studies, Massey University, New Zealand
    The South Pacific in the New Asia-Pacific Strategy
    Abstract [PDF download]               

Panel D: (Un)Reliable partners, dependency and regional security

  1. Colonel Daniel Baltrusaitis, PhD, USAF, Director of Outreach, Air War College, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, USA
    Germany: A Reliable Partner in NATO’s Smart Defense Initiative?
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  2. Professor Alexander Bon, Netherlands Defence Academy, Netherlands
    U.S.-Japanese Security Relations: Japan remains dependent
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  3. Dr. Peter Mattsson, Swedish National Defence College, and Dr. Niklas Eklund, Umeå University, Sweden
    Russian Operational Art in the Fifth Period: Nordic and Arctic Linkages
    Abstract [PDF download]


IX.          War Studies (Chair: Dr. John Young)

Panel A: Asymmetric threat and warfare

  1. Jahangir Arasli, Advisor on International Issues, Ministry of Defence of Azerbaijan
    Patterns of Asymmetric Conflict in the 21st Century
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  2. Ugochukwu Osuagwu, Principal Solicitor, St. Francis Xavier Solicitors, Abuja, Nigeria
    “Religious Fundamentalism in Nigeria: Boko Haram Experience”
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  3. Dr. Jon Mikolashek, U. S. Army Command and General Staff College, Ft. Belvoir, USA
    Wanat: A Case Study in Combat Exhaustion in a Counterinsurgency Environment
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  4. Dr. Cind Du Bois, Royal Military Academy Brussels, and Dr. Caroline Buts, the Research Foundation Flanders, Belgium
    Military Deployment and Terrorist Attacks
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  5. Alayna Jay, MA student, Royal Military College of Canada
    Systemic Operational Design: an evaluation
    Abstract [PDF download]               

Panel B: Intelligence and development of armed forces

  1. Dr. Adam D.M. Svendsen, Centre for Military Studies (CMS), University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Towards an understanding of the ‘Globalisation of Intelligence’ in the early twenty-first century
    Abstract [PDF download]               Presentation [PDF download]
  2. David Harriman, Analyst, Department for Peace Support Operations, Swedish Defence Research Agency, Stockholm, Sweden
    Monitoring and Evaluation in Contemporary Peace Support Operations – Challenges for Military Organizations in Measuring what matters
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  3. Mirva Salminen, Doctoral Researcher, University of Lapland, and Professor Aki-Mauri Huhtinen, Finnish National Defence University (NDU), Finland
    The Comprehensive Approach as a Strategic Design to Run the Military-Industrial Complex in Operations
    Abstract [PDF download]               Presentation [PDF download]
  4. Lieutenant Colonel G. S. Juha Mälkki, Ph.D., Concept Development & Experimentation Centre Finnish Defence Forces, Finland
    The Elements of Operational Design–A Comprehensive Approach
    Abstract [PDF download]               

Panel C: National and international concerns, how to measure success?

  1. Ariel Garneau, Masters in War Studies, Royal Military College of Canada
    Is the message getting out? Canadian Domestic Strategic Communications in Support of the Mission in Afghanistan 2008--‐2011
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  2. Dr. Lawrence E. Grinter, Air War College Maxwell AFB, Alabama, USA
    China’s Nuclear Weapons: Prospects for Arms Control?
    Abstract [PDF download]               
  3. Dr. James Corum, Baltic Defence College, Estonia
    Development of the Baltic Armed Forces in Light of Multinational Deployments
    Abstract [PDF download]